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- Black History : Rosa Parks and Emmett Till 

Dossier spécial

Rosa Parks est morte et a eu un enterrement national pendant nos vacances de Toussaint, mais il vous reste plusieurs occasions cette année d'utiliser ces documents:
- Montgomery, Alabama célébrera le 50ème anniversaire de son acte de refus le 5 décembre 2005;
- Martin Luther King's Day sera le lundi 16 janvier 2006;
- Février est chaque année aux USA Black History Month;
- vous pouvez aussi relier Rosa Parks à Emmett Till, au meutre duquel elle pensait quand elle a refusé de se lever. Le procès d'Emmett Till sera révisé cette année et deux films sont sortis sur le sujet (voyez le dossier après celui de Rosa Parks)
- vous pouvez aussi lier ce thème à celui du racisme dans le sud et au poème "Strange fruit" , voyez dans le Café n°65
Pour des liens sur MLK et Black History:
Voici deux dossiers, d'abord Rosa Parks, puis Emmett Till.

Rosa Parks

- the CNN video about Rosa Parks, with interviews : a bit long, but just the beginning is enough (thanks to Gilles Siche on eteach)
- from Democracy Now : the journalist present her life and you can hear her April 1956 report of the event while watching her picture. But her voice is not very easy to understand and the video/audio file is very long. this video is for advanced students : there is almost no redundancy between the pictures and the script : when you see interesting pictures, the sound is just a song, and when there is the interview, there are too few images to illustrate what she says.
you can read the transcript, watch the video or download the MP3 file.
- the National Geographic also features an interesting video, with references to the Jim Crow Laws and redundant images (thanks to Françoise Peyrissat on eTeach). There is no script.
Note : You will be able to transfer this video to a memory stick or burn it on a disk by researching a video file with the name "rosa" on your hard disk where it is saved after you downloaded it once.
also at:

Audio files
- *** the best, from the BBC, short but efficient : the audio file and the script
- a report from the journalist of the Guardian (clear, but no script)
"Our New York correspondent explains how one woman's refusal to give up her bus seat shaped America's civil rights movement"
- the facts told by the journalist and then by Rosa Parks herself (from Christine Silvestri on eTeach) : it is not the same script as the other interview, but you have to pay for this one!
listen :
- another interview of Rosa, complete with sound, video (just her speaking) and the transcript (thanks to Alain krizic on eTeach)
- an article read by Sean Banville, our colleague who writes the Breaking News everyday, and the script and lesson is below.

Alyne Piazza had the excellent idea to make her students discover the event by working from the front pages of several newspapers. And the website she worked from : Today's Front page from the News Museum had the super idea to archive those pages (they knew we would need them!) and leave them online. So you can access 455 front pages from 47 countries presented alphabetically and just make your choice ( I printed 17 different front pages for each student in a half class (module de seconde sti) to work on a different, authentic and colour document.)
*** http://www.newseum.org/todaysfrontpages/archive.asp?fpArchive=102505
you can find in her blog the worksheets she prepared for her students (collège)

easy and short:
- Scholastic http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/news/archive.asp?archive=102605
- Time for Kids http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/news/story/0,6260,1122822,00.html
Longer but more informed:
- from Time Magazine in 1956 : the end of the boycot
- from Time magazine 1999, when she was among the 100 leading figures of the century
Longer, a deeper reflection ( from M.J.Paulet on eTeachNet)
from the Guardian

Special Reports
NYT: http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/national/25parks.html?ex=1145851200&en=4b6bd4603f35dfef&ei=5087&excamp=OVGNrosaparkshistoryBBC : http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4402064.stm# (with several videos of the burial and many related articles)

Photo Essays
Picture Tribute from the BBC : http://www.bbc.co.uk/1xtra/tx/gallery/rosa_parks.shtml?select=10#main (excellent for beginners, or just to make students talk).
Photo essay from Time-Life Magazine : http://www.time.com/time/photoessays/rosa_parks/

Worksheets and lesson plans
- Teaching from original documents from the US National archives ( her arrest report, authentic documents)
- lesson from Breaking News (although I don't like his mentioning she was suffering from dementia...even if it's true, there are more useful things to mention).
- une séquence de Josiane Laval, préparée pour ses élèves de LP(intermediate level or lower). Une séqunce complète avec des photos et des cartoons, pour montrer aux élèves ce qu'était le racisme et la ségrégation encore dans les années 50. Vous y trouverez auss iine biographie de Rosa Parks avec de nombreuses aides trè bien faites pour la compréhension écrite.Un travail très intéressant. Si vous voulez vous le procurer, écrivez à Josiane: josianelaval@yahoo.fr
- voyez aussi les activités sur la page de l'Académie de Paris

Emmett Till

An article in the New York Times
August 28 2005 marked the 50th anniversary of the lynching of Emmett Till in Mississippi.
Read this article from the NYTimes, “How photos became Icons of the Civil Rights Movement" dealing with how the photo of Emmett Till's body has raised public awareness of racism, and started the civil rights movement.
and discover this lesson plan about the impact of photo journalism and the civil rights movement:
To complement the article, here are some links to the resources quoted:
- the PBS “Eyes on the Prize” program, the video is to be bought but there are interesting ideas and links :
- the book by Chris Metress (editor) "The Lynching of Emmett Till"
- the book written by Emmett's mother "Death of Innocence"

The story of Emmett
(longer, more details)
the complete story with a link to Rosa Parks "The only thing Rosa Parks thought about was the boy, Emmett Till."
the story in pictures, with short captions (nothing gore)

Songs, blogs and poems
The lyrics of the song by Bob Dylan
- A blog, with interesting information from various reliable people:
- PBS has two sites packed with interesting documents: one about Jim Crow and the Jim Crow Laws, and another one about Emmett Till (companion site to the film):
- Emmett Till's story on Jim Crow History website
- a short history of the lynching, and several other article : read “a coming of age”
- two poems on NPR: “Marilyn Nelson, the poet laureate of Connecticut, has written a narrative poem, A Wreath for Emmett Till, especially for young readers. Nelson spoke with Farai Chideya about her provocative poem, and about the lingering effect Till's murder still has had on the American psyche."
- Poems written by US teenagers

Documentary films
There are two documentary films about Emmett Till's murder:
- Stanley Nelson, whose film “The Murder of Emmett Till” came out in 2003
- Keith Beauchamp whose documentary “The Untold Story of Emmett Louis Till” was released this summer in the US,
and they seem to have contributed to the reopening of the case, as we can read in this article:
information about the film and a trailer
information about the film, with a video and transcript
a short critic of the film
a sound file and a trailer from NPR

Lesson plans
- about the film “The Murder of Emmett Till”
- about the poem “A Wreath for Emmett Till”


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